Strawberry

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Heart shape, dressed in the intensity of red, soft texture, and wild scent that conveys the taste of somewhat bittersweet, the strawberry fruit considered the symbol of Venus, is certainly the fruit of the Romantics.

Although they have begun to be cultivated by the Romans in 200 BC, the strawberries were rare until the late XVIII century, because its production was difficult.

In the middle ages the strawberry was just a fruit that was born spontaneously.

In an attempt to trap this inimitable fragrance, the nobility tried to plant them in their gardens, but with little success. In fact, the gardener of Louis XIV cultivated strawberries in the gardens of the Versailles palace.

It was with the discovery of the American continent, more precisely the Andes, which horticulturists French, followed by English, Germans and Italians, began cultivating the plant after having found there a plant like the  appreciated wild strawberry, but with larger fruit and less tasty.

The combination of the two plants was a success, improved quality and increased its size without removing the natural characteristics of the strawberry.

These pioneers of research into the cultivation of strawberry tried various crosses between Andean plant, which contributed to its robustness, and the European aromatic strawberries, that transmitted its perfume, and obtained an easy cultivation fruit.

At the beginning of the last century, strawberries gained prestige among farmers and consumers and began attending the finest menus and cookbooks.

 

Strawberry is the common name for a group of species, their hybrids and cultivars of the genus Fragaria, which produces strawberries, including a wide range of wild species and varieties.

 There are over 20 species of the genus Fragaria receiving the common name of strawberry, with wide distribution in temperate and sub-tropical zones.

Despite some typical anatomical differences, the species classification is based essentially on the number of chromosomes, and there are seven basic types of chromosomes that all species and their hybrids have in common. The big distinction is the degree of polyploidy that species exhibit.

 

The strawberry presents health benefits in several areas: it is a source of fiber, fights cholesterol, is a source of vitamins and minerals, controls blood pressure, provides iron, phosphorus, potassium and calcium, is considered a mild laxative, fights free radicals, it is the fruit that contains more substances that fight the aging of cells and can also be considered a great ally of beauty, as it helps keep skin beautiful and bright.

One of the most fruits rich in vitamin C, the strawberry can also be considered as a true medicine to treat rheumatism, it influences the formation and strength of bones, teeth and tissues.

It is very effective against throat infections, liver and urinary system and its use even promotes the healing of wounds due to their nutrients.

Everything in the strawberry is likely to use: its seeds are considered insoluble fibers that help fight in cases of constipation while leaves of strawberry plants can be used in the preparation of teas, because they act as excellent diuretic, helping to purify the blood.

In addition, strawberries contain a substance called fisetin which combined with phosphorus, magnesium and potassium which are essential for the proper development of the nervous system, stimulate the brain and therefore improves memory.

The substance responsible for the reddish color of the fruit, the anthocyanins, acts as a true antioxidant, preventing premature aging of the skin.

The strawberry has so depurative properties, alkalizing, laxative, tonic, remineralizing and emollient. 

Once it is a very sensitive product should not be stored for more than 3 days in the refrigerator without having been washed once with water favors decay.

 

Because it´s a fruit that undergrowth, you should to wash it thoroughly to remove any dirt, just before consuming it. You should wash it under running water, and if possible let it soak in acidified water (lemon or vinegar) for 15 minutes.

By consuming, try not to cut or chop the strawberries, because when in contact with air the antioxidants are lost.

Calories: 100 grams contains about 32 calories.

 

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