Plum

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The first writings about the plum tree date from the years 23 to 79 of the Christian era. However, it is believed that plums were already exploited since antiquity. Dehydrated by the Egyptians, they were often buried with the dead, providing them livelihood on the other side of life.

The more rational theory about the origin of the plum is assuming that this occurred in west-central Asia.

There are two main species that comprise the majority of currently existing cultures. One of these is called Prunus domestica (L.) and the other is Prunus salicina Lindl.

 

The Prunus domestica L., commonly known as the European plum, has its origins in a region between the southern Caucasus and northern Persia. By being cultivated for over 2.000 years, it is difficult to determinate the exact origin of this species. The trees have a pyramidal shape and can reach up to 12 feet tall. They have long roots and shallow have one or two flowers in each bud, petals white or pale-green, ovate.

In turn, it is believed that the species Prunus salicina Lindl is native to China, although it is known as Japanese plum. These are trees that can reach 6-10 feet tall, and have branches open and long, usually have three flowers per bud, reaching up to 4 or 5. The petals are white and oval.

 

The plum tree is the fruit plant more spread all over the world, being grown in various climatic conditions due to several existing species and the result of hybridization occurring during the development of culture. It can be said that the plum is spread throughout the Northern Hemisphere, with the exception of areas where high heat or extreme cold, in the tropics of the polar zone, are obstacles to their development.

 

The plum is a round fruit with a sort of beak, sweet and thin epicarp. Can display colors like dark purple, violet, red or yellow, is "meaty" and juicy and its core is almost smooth.

There are many varieties depending on its size, color, taste and season in which they develop. In fact, it is believed that in 1864, were already cultivated 150 different species.

Plum has high nutritional value. It is rich in sugar, minerals and some vitamins.

Thanks to their content in fiber (especially pectin), carbohydrates, magnesium, sodium and potassium, the plum is laxative, recommending against constipation.

While fresh, plum is a magnificent therapeutic agent against diseases caused by hyperlipidemia associated with acidic and mainly by uric acid, such as rheumatism, arthritis, gout, arteriosclerosis, etc.; acids and / or fats generated by a feeding excessive, based on protein, saturated fats and cholesterol. As diuretic, it is recommended against infections of the urinary tract.

It is still, liver "unblock", blood "purifying" and "detoxifying" the digestive tract, which is also good for febrile infections in the stomach and intestine.

Plum, depending on the variety, presents some differences in nutritional value. For example, a plum-red is rich in provitamin A, while the other variaties are relatively poor. The yellow plums are in turn sweeter and energetic and contain a little more protein. The black plum has high aqueous activity, being the most appropriate for the treatment of urinary infections.

When buying, check if the plums are too ripe because if they are you will notice a very soft and wrinkled bark.

The plums that are not very ripe must be preserved for one or two days, in a room temperature.

The plum is a low calorie fruit, either when ingested in fruit salads, baked goods, jams, puddings and meat dishes. It is a good source of fiber, important for the diet.

Calories: 100 grams contains about 47 calories.

 

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